Animal Farm Study Guide questions and answers pdf

“Animal Farm” is a classic novella written by George Orwell, published in 1945. It is a satirical allegory that uses a group of farm animals who rebel against their human farmer as a commentary on the events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent Soviet Union. The story explores themes such as power, corruption, propaganda, and the dangers of totalitarianism.


  • Author: George Orwell (pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair)
  • Published: 1945
  • Genre: Satirical allegory, political satire
  • Setting: A farm in England


  1. Old Major (Boar): An elderly pig who inspires the animals to rebel with his speech about equality and freedom.
  2. Napoleon (Pig): One of the pigs who takes control after the rebellion, representing Joseph Stalin.
  3. Snowball (Pig): Another pig who initially leads the rebellion with Napoleon but is eventually expelled, representing Leon Trotsky.
  4. Boxer (Horse): A strong and loyal horse who becomes a symbol of the working class.
  5. Squealer (Pig): The pig responsible for spreading propaganda and justifying the actions of the ruling pigs.
  6. Mr. Jones: The original human owner of the farm, representing the last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II.

Plot Summary:

  1. Rebellion: The animals on Manor Farm, led by Old Major, revolt against Mr. Jones, the human farmer, and establish their own government based on the idea of animal equality.
  2. Leadership Struggle: After the rebellion, Napoleon and Snowball, two pigs, emerge as leaders. Their differing visions for the farm lead to a power struggle.
  3. Corruption and Betrayal: Napoleon, with the help of his propaganda-spreading ally Squealer, gradually betrays the principles of the rebellion. Snowball is expelled, and the farm becomes increasingly authoritarian.
  4. The Commandments: The pigs create a set of commandments, known as the Seven Commandments, to govern animal behavior. Over time, these commandments are altered to justify the pigs’ actions.
  5. Human-Like Behavior: As the pigs gain more power, they begin to resemble the humans they overthrew. The initial ideals of equality and freedom are abandoned.
  6. The Downfall: The animals realize that they are no better off under the pigs’ rule than they were under Mr. Jones. The novella ends with the pigs and humans becoming indistinguishable.


  1. Corruption of Power: The novella explores how power can corrupt individuals and groups, leading them to betray their ideals.
  2. Propaganda: Orwell illustrates the manipulative nature of propaganda and how it can be used to control and manipulate the masses.
  3. Totalitarianism: “Animal Farm” serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of totalitarian regimes, drawing parallels to the Soviet Union under Stalin.
  4. Satire: The novella uses satire to criticize political systems, ideologies, and human behavior.


  • Political Allegory: “Animal Farm” is widely recognized as a political allegory that satirizes the events leading up to the Russian Revolution and the subsequent rise of Stalinism.
  • Timeless Relevance: The themes explored in the novella, such as the abuse of power and the dangers of propaganda, remain relevant in various political contexts.

Literary Style:

  • Simple and Direct: Orwell’s writing style is straightforward and accessible, making the novella suitable for readers of various ages and backgrounds.
  • Symbolism: The characters and events in “Animal Farm” are symbolic representations of historical figures and events, allowing readers to interpret the story on multiple levels.

“Animal Farm” continues to be studied and analyzed in educational settings for its powerful portrayal of political themes and its relevance to discussions about power, governance, and societal structures.

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  1. “Animal Farm” (1954): An animated film adaptation that closely follows Orwell’s novella.
  2. “Animal Farm” (1999): Another animated adaptation that provides a modern take on the classic story.

This study guide should help you delve into the themes, characters, and literary elements of “Animal Farm.” Use it as a resource for discussions, essays, and a deeper understanding of George Orwell’s powerful work.

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